Basing on this principle, the cultural assemblages found in different layers can be assigned a chronological personality. In practice it is found that the mounds are disturbed9 by all sorts of pits and dumps.
For example, if the cultural contents of the lower deposit are Mauryan in character, appropriately this deposit may be assigned a date between 400-200 B. Similarly, if the cultural equipment of the upper deposit are of the Sunga period, this deposit has to placed between 200-73 B. Quite often, the archaeologist decided the change of stratum on the basis of the feed of the deposit.
Lucy and other members of her species, Australopithecus afarensis, lived between 3.9 and 3.0 million years ago.
They are believed to be the most ancient common ancestor, or "stem" species, from which all later hominids sprang. Estimating the age of hominid fossils is usually a painstaking, two-part process, involving both "absolute" and "relative" dating.
So if scientists believe that a creature lived millions of years ago, then they would need to date it another way. They assume dinosaurs lived millions of years ago (instead of thousands of years ago like the bible says).
They ignore evidence that does not fit their preconceived notion.
This dating method is also known as Archaeological Dating or Historical Chronology. These methods were relied on especially prior to the introduction of scientific methods of dating.
But, even when the scientific methods of absolute dating are available, this method of dating has not lost its importance, as many a time we have to depend solely on relative dating.
- At Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Scientists dated dinosaur bones using the Carbon dating method.The age they came back with was only a few thousand years old. And kept their theory that dinosaurs lived "millions of years ago" instead. They then use potassium argon, or other methods, and date the fossils again.This date did not fit the preconceived notion that dinosaurs lived millions of years ago. They do this many times, using a different dating method each time.Lastly, the possibility of using thermogravimetry coupled to chemometrics for differentiating, quickly and inexpensively, finds of very ancient human fossil bones (several thousand years BC), from less ancient ones (few hundreds of years before and after Christ) is illustrated, together with a thorough discussion of the criteria (i.e., the collagen-carbonates content ratio, or the different types of carbonate) this approach is based on.TY - JOURT1 - A survey on innovative dating methods in archaeometry with focus on fossil bones AU - Tomassetti, Mauro AU - Marini, Federico AU - Bucci, Remo AU - Campanella, Luigi PY - 2015Y1 - 2015N2 - Recently proposed innovative methods for dating archaeological finds reported in the literature are reviewed, together with the researches carried out in this field by our team, using several instrumental techniques (sensor, biosensor, electrochemical, thermal-analytical, and so on).
The Laetoli footprints are rare treasures in the record of human ancestry.