(Phys.org) —An earthquake in Old Jerusalem might be behind the famous image of the Shroud of Turin, says a group of researchers led by Alberto Carpinteri of the Politecnico di Torino in Italy in an article published in Springer's journal Meccanica.They believe that neutron radiation caused by an earthquake could have induced the image of a crucified man – which many people believe to be that of Jesus – onto the length of linen cloth, and caused carbon-14 dating done on it in 1988 to be wrong.In the process, neutrons are produced without gamma emissions.Analogously, the researchers theorize further that neutron flux increments, in correspondence to seismic activity, should be a result of the same reactions."All empirical evidence and logical reasoning concerning the shroud of Turin will lead any objective, rational person to the firm conclusion that the shroud is an artifact created by an artist in the fourteenth-century."The "shroud" of Turin is a woven cloth about 14 feet long and 3.5 feet wide with an image of a man on it.Actually, it has two images, one frontal and one rear, with the heads meeting in the middle.Though the Catholic Church has never taken an official stance on the object's authenticity, tens of thousands flock to Turin, Italy, every year to get a glimpse of the object, believing that it wrapped the bruised and bleeding body of Jesus Christ after his crucifixion. 1204, the cloth was smuggled to safety in Athens, Greece, where it stayed until A. Centuries later, in the 1980s, radiocarbon dating, which measures the rate at which different isotopes of the carbon atoms decay, suggested the shroud was made between A. What's more, the Gospel of Matthew notes that "the earth shook, the rocks split and the tombs broke open" after Jesus was crucified.[Religious Mysteries: 8 Alleged Relics of Jesus] According to legend, the shroud was secretly carried from Judea in A. 30 or 33, and was housed in Edessa, Turkey, and Constantinople (the name for Istanbul before the Ottomans took over) for centuries. So geologists have argued that an earthquake at Jesus' death could have released a burst of neutrons.
Most skeptics think the image is not a burial shroud, but a painting and a pious hoax. In 1988, the Vatican allowed the shroud to be dated by three independent sources--Oxford University, the University of Arizona, and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology--and each of them dated the cloth as originating in medieval times, around 1350.
As he explained to Sciences et Avenir, it is "a piece of the shroud sample, which his Tucson laboratory received on 14 April 1988” - which he had cut, set aside and assumed something of a caretaker role for.
For the first 1988 analyses, the Vatican had permitted only a few milligrams of the shroud to be taken for analysis by three laboratories, in Tucson (USA), Zurich (Switzerland) and Oxford (England).
A study conducted on a sample of the Shroud of Turin confirms that the cloth dates from the Middle Ages.
This ends polemic claiming specialists had previously dated the cloth with a sample taken from a part of the shroud rewoven in the Middle Ages.