Mr Kennedy also defied instructions and went abroad with a protester in 2009 and carried on working against instructions despite being arrested in 2006.
November 13, 2012 (1) This transmits revised IRM 9.4.8, Undercover Operations.
Anyone can check into the FBI’s Uniformed Crime Reports.
Easy to see between 19, only 28 officers lost their lives while doing drug operations. Compare this to the millions of citizens who lost their lives or freedom during the same time period.
Approval by the Director, Deputy Director, or Designated Assistant Director F. These guidelines do not apply to investigations utilizing confidential informants, cooperating witnesses or cooperating subjects, unless the investigation also utilizes an undercover employee.
Participation in Otherwise Illegal Activity by Undercover Employee I. However, undercover activity involving sensitive or fiscal circumstances constitutes an undercover operation regardless of the number of contacts involved. "Undercover Employee" means any employee of the FBI, or employee of a Federal, state, or local law enforcement agency working under the direction and control of the FBI in a particular investigation, whose relationship with the FBI is concealed from third parties in the course of an investigative operation by the maintenance of a cover or alias identity. "Proprietary" means a sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, or other business entity operated on a commercial basis, which is owned, controlled, or operated wholly or in part on behalf of the FBI, and whose relationship with the FBI is concealed from third parties. "Appropriate Federal Prosecutor" means a United States Attorney or Section Chief in the Criminal Division of the Department of Justice (DOJ). GENERAL AUTHORITY The FBI may use undercover activities and conduct undercover operations, pursuant to these Guidelines, that are appropriate to carry out its law enforcement responsibilities.
Proceeds of crime and money laundering investigations, for example, often require sophisticated undercover work involving the establishment of elaborate storefront money laundering operations.
(2) Former subsection 18.104.22.168.3, Supervision and Evaluation of Undercover Agents is renumbered as 22.214.171.124.
(3) Subsection 126.96.36.199 is revised to clarify the specific starting date for the 90-day period when operational and financial reviews are first required to be conducted during approved Group I and Group II undercover operations.
"I think what matters is that there is a general structure and system of proper oversight and control rather than very specific instructions as to what may or may not be permitted.
"Of course, there is another point that banning such actions would provide the group targeted the opportunity to find out whether there was an undercover officer specifically within their group." An HMIC report found Mr Kennedy worked outside the code of conduct for undercover officers, became "resistant to management intervention", and review and oversight was insufficient.
There had been confusion about whether undercover police were allowed to go that far following the collapse of a case against environmental activists in Nottinghamshire after it emerged the group was infiltrated by an officer called Mark Kennedy, who had been in sexual relationships with two women in the campaign.