Carbon-14 (C-14) dating was one of the first scientific analytical techniques that we employed to confirm the date for this piece, thought to be approximately 1420 B. C-14 dating requires that the material in question be at least 2,000 years old (and up to 50,000 years old) to get a result with a significant certainty. For several reasons, it is a rare opportunity for us to test Museum objects using this technique.Fortunately, we believed our papyrus fit into this time range.Additionally, with works of art on paper, we do not often have an expendable sample for this type of analysis.Because of the role of radiocarbon dating in today’s archaeological research, Book of Mormon believers as well as critics should consider evaluating the book’s credibility on the basis of radiocarbon dating of Mesoamerican archaeological sites and artifacts in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.Frankly, the dating correlations between Mesoamerican archaeological endeavors and the Book of Mormon are impressive—especially when we realize that Joseph Smith put himself in a potential archaeological bottomless pit via the BC and AD dates found throughout the Book of Mormon.Perceptive Book of Mormon nonbelievers of the past failed to challenge what they could have labeled Joseph Smith’s audacity in thinking that his “creative insanity” could enable him to date precisely the year-by-year historical events of the Nephites throughout their thousand-year history.
Our research to further understand the Book of the Dead of the Goldworker Amun, Sobekmose continues. One necessary condition is that the object must fit into a certain time range.
If those dates do not correlate positively with events that occurred somewhere in the New World, the Book of Mormon lacks credibility and is false.
To the extent they do correlate positively, readers, scholars, critics, and even blasphemers of the Book of Mormon should pay attention to the potential credibility of the Book of Mormon based on radiocarbon-dating outcomes in Mesoamerica. In addition, anyone who proposes a Mesoamerica model for Book of Mormon geography should let radiocarbon dating from Mesoamerica help determine the locations of geographic landmarks.
Atoms are made up of much smaller particles called protons, neutrons, and electrons.
Protons and neutrons make up the center (nucleus) of the atom, and electrons form shells around the nucleus.
Libby of the University of Chicago developed the radiocarbon method.